Колони в інтер'єрі (частина I)
Column - the main symbol of ancient and classical architecture. In contemporary interiors columns are very popular. Are used, as in restaurants and offices, they can also be seen in country houses and ordinary apartments. Attach a triumph and majesties even the most unsightly premises.
Column (from the Latin. Columna) - post a cylindrical shape. There are several types of columns: square, many-sided, rectangular shape.
Architectural order (column) is composed of three parts:
The lower part - the foundation or base, often decorated with horizontal grooves. The base is holding the entire load. But the foundation is not used in all cases.
The main part - a smooth trunk, often decorated with fluted (it is the vertical grooves on the orders).
The upper part - small caps. One of the most significant parts of the column, but not looking at it as a base and can be omitted. Small caps, as well as the base, decorate helix (helix - spiral curls with circles in the center), or saw palmetto (symmetrically located ornament in the form of palm leaves). Is also used for decoration reliefs.
The columns in the interior columns have arisen in the old days - at a time when people began to build their homes. Then the role of columns embodied felled trees that supported the shelter.
The base had stone slabs or planks of wood. They supported a wooden tower that it was not removed, deep in the ground. Capitals (the upper part of the column) were the plates, wooden boards or part of the cortex.
Over time, the columns were modified and transformed by the development of culture, art and architecture. Primitive forms of rough wood were transformed and became an art. For example: the ancient Persians, the Egyptians gave a slim columns, the column took over after the Greeks and added its mark of excellence in this architectural design. Over the history of the column is divided into three types: Doric, Ionic, Corinthian. After some time on the column drew attention to the Romans, and added them to the solemnity, and then formed two additional types of columns: composite and Tuscan. After that, we got five types of classical columns.
Materials of Construction of columns
Columns in the manufacture of architectural columns interereMaterial very extensive, they can be made of marble, decorative stone, metal, basalt, limestone, gypsum, polyurethane or wood.
Today the classic pillars of stone, marble, very rare. Not because they exhausted themselves in aesthetic terms. In the manufacture of these columns takes a lot of time, effort, and they are expensive. More common columns, made of limestone, basalt - is cheaper materials.
There is an option that anyone can afford: the columns of drywall or polyurethane. It should be noted that it is only applicable if the column is not required to support the functions.
Wooden pillars - ideal for ekostilya, country style and rustic interior. And serve as a support and as decorative elements of interior.
If you want to achieve in effectiveness of elegance, then you need the column, made of stucco. Effektnosti will add all kinds of patterns: the figures, crown, flowers and petals. Do not forget also that with ceiling moldings columns are perceived better.
If you crave glamor and originality, perhaps even a certain pomposity, you need to pay attention to the inlaying onyx columns (semiprecious stone), or jade, lapis lazuli (bright blue stone), jasper (mottled stone), and the other half with jewels.
In order to achieve harmony in the color combinations and holistic style of the room, the designers painted columns in a variety of colors. Also cover the painted columns, decorative plaster, mosaic.
The columns in the interior (part II)